Cooperative Mobility Pilot on Safety and Sus- tainability Services for Deployment - COMPASS4D
The COMPASS4D project ended in December 2015, having equipped 7 cities with the most modern cooperative systems (Bordeaux, Copenhagen, Helmond, Newcastle, Thessaloniki, Verona and Vigo). The road hazard warning, red light violation warning and the energy efficient intersection service have been tested in hundreds of thousands of kilometers along the European roads by more than 800 bus, taxi, truck, emergency vehicles and private vehicle drivers.
Three years were needed in total for the development of the services, the installation of the systems and the pilot testing of the cooperative services. The final demonstration of the services took place during the ITS World Congress in Bordeaux in October 2015 with representatives of the seven cities participating in the project.
Since the beginning of 2016 hundreds of G5-enabled road side units, installed at the traffic lights and along the ring roads of the participating cities, but also a total of 164 intersections (14 in Thessaloniki and 150 in Verona), are providing, through ITS-G5 and LTE communications respectively, to the equipped vehicles and therefore the drivers, information about the countdown of the traffic light, road accidents, queues lengths and road works, as well as red light violation warnings.
The consortium of COMPASS4D project includes a total of 31 partners from 10 countries and is coordinated by the European Road Transport Telematics Implementation Coordination ERTICO - ITS Europe. The pilot of Thessaloniki is leaded by CERTH/ HIT, in collaboration with the Region of Central Macedonia, the Infotrip and TaxiWay companies and the Institute of Communication and Computer Systems (ICCS) of the National Technical University of Athens.
The CO-GISTICS project is an innovative action aiming at the use of existing cooperative mobility systems in freight transport by providing the following five services:
Intelligent truck parking and delivery areas management
Cargo Transport Optimisation
CO2 footprint estimation and monitoring
Priority and Speed advice
The pilots of the project tackle the economic and environmental challenges faced by the freight transport industry, aiming at the improvement of energy efficiency and the reduction of air pollution emissions of freight transport. With its application in 7 of the largest freight hubs in Europe (Frankfurt, Trieste, Vigo, Bordeaux, Bilbao, Arad and Thessaloniki), the CO-GISTICS collaborative services will contribute to the sustainable and efficient operation of the freight vehicles, road networks, ports, airports, railway stations and freight transport in general. The operation of the cooperative services and their related technology systems will continue after the completion of the project, allowing further development of these services by operators in the future. For the pilots, a total of 325 vehicles will be used.
Collaborative CO-GISTICS services will contribute to the reduction of air pollution emissions from freight transport through applications such as the Eco-Drive support service. Through this service drivers will be continuously updated for CO2 emissions, which will be reduced by applying driving support technologies and selection of speed profile for a more environmentally friendly driving style. The CO-GISTICS project will also increase the efficiency of the freight transport sector, by reducing fuel consumption and directly issuing the proof-of-delivery of the goods. Finally, the freight vehicle drivers will benefit using the services, due to the reduction of stress and improvement of their working conditions, by through the provision of information about the status of traffic lights.
Main Objectives of the Pilot Mobile application screenshots
C-MobILE is a project funded by the European Union's HORIZON 2020 program aiming at deploying Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) and services designed to deal with specific mobility challenges across Europe. The C-MobILE project’s vision is of a European road network which is safer, more efficient, more sustainable and economically viable, while minimizing environmental impacts.
C-MobILE will demonstrate C-ITS solutions in large-scale in urban and extra-urban environments by providing C-ITS services and service bundles to several end-users’ groups, including vulnerable road users (VRUs), across various transport modes. A total of eight C-ITS equipped cities and regions (Barcelona, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Copenhagen, Newcastle, North Brabant Region, Thessaloniki and Vigo) are involved in the project, all of which have been research pilot sites for large-scale deployment of sustainable services in the past. This common approach ensures that interoperability and seamless service availability are prioritised and at an acceptable cost for end-users.
The C-MobILE project uses state of the art communication, road-side architecture, and service delivery technologies to define an interoperable architecture. Within this architecture, a series of C-ITS applications will be demonstrated and tested in the eight deployment sites and for specific use cases. The results collected by the deployment sites will be reviewed, with technical aspects and user/ societal impacts in mind, allowing for the deployment process and the best practice for establishing sustainable services to be defined. This way C-ITS deployment is achieved at the C-Mobile deployment sites, and deployment guidelines are developed so other cities and regions can successfully deploy C-ITS services.
Objectives: The purpose of the C-MobILE project is to improve road transport, by making it safer, more efficient and more sustainable, to demonstrate fully integrated C-ITS technologies in real-world conditions as well as the added-value and economic viability of C-ITS services for users, and to assess and evaluate impacts on user acceptance, safety and security. For this scope, C-MobILE is engaging with public and private stakeholders, including end-users, to enhance C-ITS services and to establish functioning partnerships beyond the project, assisting in sustainable C-ITS deployment.
HIT key role and responsibilities: HIT as project partner has undertaken the following actions:
Innovation management, in order to efficiently monitor market needs and technical evolutions throughout the project’s lifetime.
Performance of the ex-ante Cost-Benefit Analysis.
Contribution in the formation of initial business models for implementation.
Harmonization of Thessaloniki systems architecture.
User-centric design of C-ITS bundled applications.
Establishment of the C-ITS framework through collaboration and engagement with multiple stakeholders and end-users.
Coordination of local deployment site consultations and training activities for public authorities.
Leader and responsible for execution and monitoring of the large-scale demonstration.
Contribution in the definition of a common methodology for validation and impact assessment.
Over the past few years, there is one person killed and close to one seriously injured every day on level crossings. Therefore SAFER-LC aims to improve safety and minimize risk by developing a fully-integrated cross-modal set of innovative solutions and tools for the proactive management and design of level-crossing infrastructure. These tools will enable road and rail decision makers to find even more effective ways to detect potentially dangerous situations leading to collisions at level crossings, prevent incidents at level crossing by innovative design and predictive maintenance methods, and mitigate the consequences of incidents/disruptions due to accidents or other critical events.
The project will focus both on technical solutions, such as smart detection services and advanced infrastructure-to-vehicle communication systems and on human processes to adapt infrastructure design to end-users and to enhance coordination and cooperation between different stakeholders from different transportation modes. The project will first identify the needs and requirements of rail-road infrastructure managers and LC users and then seek to develop innovative smart detection and communication systems and adapt them for use by all types of level crossing users.
A series of pilot tests across Europe will be rolled out to demonstrate how these new technological and non-technological solutions can be integrated, validate their feasibility and evaluate their performance. The project will deliver a bundle of recommended technical specifications (for standardisation), human processes and organizational and legal frameworks for implementation. SAFER-LC will also develop a toolbox accessible through a user friendly interface which will integrate all the project results and solutions to help both rail and road managers to improve safety at level crossings.
Objectives: The main objective of SAFER-LC is to improve safety and minimize risks at and around level crossings (LCs) by developing a fully integrated cross-modal set of innovative solutions and tools for the proactive management and new design of level-crossing infrastructure.
HIT key role and responsibilities: HIT is the responsible for the implementation, execution and evaluation of the tests as well as the leader of the Thessaloniki pilot site
real-time alerts of incoming trains at the level crossings along with estimation of the time of arrival
A mobile application was developed and installed to the on-board tablets of the taxi fleet
A polygon was assigned to each of the level crossings
The ETA of a train at a level crossing is calculated using artificial neural networks based on historical data
Mean absolute error of 5 seconds for trains up to 1000 meters from the level crossing